In recent years, a number of countries and international organizations have sought ways to direct the development and adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) systems. It is also known that the development of such technologies requires investment and complex infrastructure, launching a technological race between nations. However, many developing countries, like Brazil, are facing structural problems concerning access to basic education and to the web itself — so much so that developing AI seems a distant longing. Despite that, the Brazilian government has endeavored its efforts to implement artificial intelligence applications with the aim of improving its efficiency, serving the public interest and matching the Global North scenario, making cooperation on technology policy and the digital economy a top priority of its one-year chair of the BRICS grouping.
The judiciary is particularly dedicated to enabling the development of artificial intelligence applications to improve their services. The Brazilian Supreme Court (STF) already uses an IA called “Victor”, which – through machine learning – selects appeals that had its main subject already judged in “general repercussion”, impacting all lower Brazilian courts. The Superior Court of Justice (STJ) has also implemented such technology, “Sócrates”, which is being developed and has its pilot launch scheduled to August 2019. According to the STJ, the AI will automatically analyze the appeal, the legislative references, present a list of similar cases and a suggestion of decision which will always be taken by the competent Minister. Now, the National Council of Justice (CNJ) as a public institution that aims to improve the work of the Brazilian judicial system, highlights its role in incorporating technological advances in Justice. In this sense, AI initiatives will receive top priority, according to the minister's statements, who recently announced the creation of an artificial intelligence laboratory for the judiciary. In this sense, the objective of the project is for the Capstone team to conduct research and field work at CNJ, in order to assist in the elaboration of strategic plans of recommendations for government adaptation, aiming at the development of artificial intelligence applications in the Brazilian Judiciary.