This Capstone report focused on the obstacles to reinvigorating cooperation between Russia and the U.S. under the framework on the Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (CTR). CTR was a program enacted by Congress under the Soviet Threat Reduction Act of November 1991, to provide funding for the dismantling of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) within Russia and the former Soviet states. From 1992-2012, it was very effective in the destruction and securing of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and materials in the former Soviet Union.
The report analyzed the obstacles to further cooperation between Russia and the U.S., specifically – Russia’s unwillingness to be seen as the “junior-partner,” recent Russia geo-political initiatives, and the U.S. government’s unwillingness to engage with Russia. Through intensive open-source research and interviews with policy professionals, the report concluded that under the current geopolitical climate, bilateral cooperation between the U.S. and Russia under the Cooperative Threat Reduction Act is a non-starter.
The report recommended that cooperation between Russia and the United States be conducted through a multilateral framework that addresses interests common to both countries. Multilateral cooperation can proceed on three paths: 1) Reinforcing the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terror (GICNT) 2) Moving forward by taking advantage of the United Nations’ framework (resolution 1540) and 3) Engaging Russia on global pathogen prevention through the Global Health Security Agenda.
Pictured from left to right- Capstone team- Julien Delemontex, Professor Judyt Mandel, Ambassador Sergei Kislyak, Alejandro Guerrero and Brandon Primus. The Capstone team met with Ambassador Sergei Kislyak to discuss approaches for re-starting/reframing cooperation between Russia and the United States to prevent proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.