Building on previous Capstone projects, this project will focus on NATO and Russia but examines Russia’s ability to use information (and disinformation) to erode trust in our, and our allies’, democratic institutions. Russia has specifically increased its use of mis-information and media manipulation to erode support for NATO (see Kepe, https://www.rand.org/blog/2017/06/nato-prepared-for-countering-disinformation-operations.html); the latest front of this campaign seems to have been the United States.  The Capstone team will analyze how Russia uses information in this capacity; what the effects of Russian information campaigns have been and could be for the U.S. and its NATO allies, including analysis of possible worst-case scenarios; and what policy lessons can be gleaned from Russian successes as well as failures. The end product would be a list of best practices for the US and allied governments.