As the United Nations (UN) and the African Union (AU) prepare to complete the drawdown of their joint peacekeeping mission in Darfur (UNAMID) by June 2020, it is clear that significant human rights and civilian protection risks will remain. Over one million people are internally displaced in Darfur, and many continue to face persistent threats of violence and insecurity from state and non-state actors alike. Even in a difficult political and operational environment like Darfur, the presence of international peacekeepers has served as some deterrent to perpetrators, allowed for the basic monitoring of trends and early warning for violations, and facilitated access for human rights officials. But amidst its overall reconfiguration in Darfur and Sudan, it remains unclear how the UN, alongside other partners, will advance comprehensive human rights and civilian protection strategies as the country navigates its national political transition. As UNAMID concludes its drawdown and the UN reconfigures its presence in Darfur, this Capstone workshop will study ways for the UN and other international actors to prevent, monitor and address human rights and protection challenges in Darfur in the absence of a peacekeeping mission. In particular, the Capstone should explore international mechanisms for early warning, human rights monitoring, reporting and accountability; how to support and integrate the roles of different international, regional, national, and local actors and institutions; and how these kinds of mechanisms could apply to Darfur specifically as well as in other peacekeeping transitions more broadly.