Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs comprises more than 70 full-time faculty and more than 200 adjunct faculty, scholars, and practitioners. All have distinguished themselves in research and leadership in the policy world, and have produced scholarship in a wide variety of subjects, including international relations, democratization, elections, demography, and social policy.

January 2019|Review of Economics and Statistics|Jeffrey Shrader, Matthew Gibson

Time Use and Labor Productivity: The Returns to Sleep (forthcoming)

October 2018|Brookings Report|Patricia Mosser, Jason Healey, Katheryn Rosen, Adriana Tache
September 2018|International Organization|Tamar Mitts

In the past few years the Western world has witnessed a rise in the popularity of right-wing political discourse promoting nationalistic and exclusionary worldviews. While in many countries such rhetoric has surfaced in mainstream politics only recently, in Israel, right-wing ideology has been popular for almost two decades. Explanations for this surge focus on Israeli citizens’ attitudinal change in the face of exposure to terrorism, but largely do not account for why such ideas remain popular over the long term, even after violence subsides. This study examines whether the long-lasting prominence of right-wing nationalistic politics in Israel is linked to the perpetuation of right-wing ideology in popular media. Analyzing the content of more than 70,000 published books, this study finds that content related to the political right has increased in Israeli books after periods of terrorism, a change that has become more pronounced over the years. 

September 2018|Brookings Institution|Patricia Mosser, William B. English
July 2018|Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Terrorism and Other Hazards|Karen L. Levin , Thomas E. Chandler

Widespread scientific consensus exists that the world’s climate is changing, with a majority of scientists in agreement that anthropogenic climate change is having increasingly adverse effects on human health (National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA] Global Climate Change, 2018; U.S. Global Change Research Program [USGCRP], 2017). Some of these changes include rising temperatures, more variable weather, heat waves, heavy precipitation events, flooding, droughts, more intense storms, sea level rise, and air pollution. Each of these impacts is currently or has the potential to negatively affect population health. While climate change is a global issue, the effects of climate change will vary across geographical regions and populations (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2017a). The influence of climate change on human health appears in scientific, environmental, and public health literature, and, in more recent years, a growing discussion and advocacy for personal and professional response are present in the nursing literature. This chapter provides an overview of the influence of climate change on health, along with a selection of key findings from surveys exploring nurses’ knowledge, beliefs, and challenges in responding to climate change. A wide range of ongoing activities at various practice settings offers resources for further study and action opportunities for nurses and their healthcare partners.

July 2018|Stimson|Victoria Holt

The 2018 NATO summit in Brussels focused heavily on strong defense and deterrence, with emphasis on counterterrorism operations.  In advance, NATO commissioned an article, Preparing to Protect: Advice on Implementing NATO's Protection of Civilian Policy, by Marla Keenan and Stimson Distinguished Fellow Victoria Holt, to highlight how NATO will address mitigating harm to civilians in these future operations.  The article looks at the origins of NATO’s protection of civilians policy, with a specific focus on the challenge of mitigating harm from its own operations and from the harm of others (e.g., mass atrocities).  With adoption of its new policy in 2016, NATO has expressly defined both ambitions for the first time. This challenge will be real in future crisis situations, whether in war-fighting and stability operations like Afghanistan and Libya, or for collective defense and counterterrorism operations closer to home.

The road to the policy began in 2007, with widely-reported mass civilian casualty incidents in Afghanistan.  NATO leaders recognized the need to reduce harm and improve its ability to protect civilians from its own operations. This approach required both new guidance and practice. In 2010, NATO created a Brussels-based office focused on the protection of civilians within the operations division. In 2011, the Operation Unified Protection in Libya was mandated to protect civilians from others' actions including with authorization to use force to do so.  This marked the first time both protection goals were explicit for NATO.  Experts recognized a significant gap in NATO military force’s understanding of how to implement the mandate, measure progress, and define the desired end state. Recognizing the challenges of Libya, the changing character of warfare, the high risks to civilians, and the likelihood that future NATO operations would need to mitigate harm to civilians, NATO adopted its new policy in 2016.  NATO’s efforts to support better analysis, planning, and training for future operations to protect civilians efforts will enhance its success, and should include outreach to experts in both the civilian and military communities.

June 2018|Political Science Research and Methods|Tamar Mitts, Guy Grossman, Devorah Manekin

Territorial disputes are prone to conflict because of the value of territory to publics, whether due to its strategic and material worth, or to its intangible, symbolic value. Yet despite the implications of the distinction for both theory and policy, empirically disentangling the material from the symbolic has posed formidable methodological challenges. We propose a set of tools for assessing the nature of individual territorial attachment, drawing on a series of survey experiments in Israel. Using these tools, we find that a substantial segment of the Jewish population is attached to the disputed West Bank territory for intangible reasons, consisting not only of far-right voters but also of voters of moderate-right and centrist parties. This distribution considerably narrows the bargaining space of leaders regardless of coalitional configurations. Our empirical analysis thus illustrates how the distribution of territorial preferences in the domestic population can have powerful implications for conflict and its resolution.

May 2018|Financial Times|Nobuchika Mori

A holistic approach to future-proofing the financial system

May 2018|Columbia University Press|William B. Eimicke, Howard W. Buffett

Social Value Investing presents a new way to approach some of society’s most difficult and intractable challenges. Although many of our world’s problems may seem too great and too complex to solve — inequality, climate change, affordable housing, corruption, healthcare, food insecurity — solutions to these challenges do exist, and will be found through new partnerships bringing together leaders from the public, private, and philanthropic sectors.

In their new book, Howard W. Buffett and William B. Eimicke present a five-point management framework for developing and measuring the success of such partnerships. Inspired by value investing — one of history’s most successful investment paradigms — this framework provides tools to maximize collaborative efficiency and positive social impact, so that major public programs can deliver innovative, inclusive, and long-lasting solutions. It also offers practical insights for any private sector CEO, public sector administrator, or nonprofit manager hoping to build successful cross-sector collaborations.

Social Value Investing tells the compelling stories of cross-sector partnerships from around the world — Central Park and the High Line in New York City, community-led economic development in Afghanistan, and improved public services in cities across Brazil. Drawing on lessons and observations from a broad selections of collaborations, this book combines real life stories with detailed analysis, resulting in a blueprint for effective, sustainable partnerships that serve the public interest. Readers also gain access to original, academic case material and professionally produced video documentaries for every major partnerships profiled — bringing to life the people and stories in a way that few other business or management books have done.

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