Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs comprises more than 70 full-time faculty and more than 200 adjunct faculty, scholars, and practitioners. All have distinguished themselves in research and leadership in the policy world, and have produced scholarship in a wide variety of subjects, including international relations, democratization, elections, demography, and social policy.

October 1992|Comparative Politics|Arvid Lukauskas

In a restricted financial system, the government attempts to control the allocation of credit and obtain revenue by fixing interest rates, implementing selective credit policies, blocking the development of direct financial markets, and heavily taxing the banking system. This dissertation asks three major questions: What are the political and economic foundations of restricted financial systems? Which political and economic factors lead to financial deregulation in restricted systems and determine its timing? Which actors drive the process of deregulation? To examine these issues, the dissertation looks at the foundations of Spain's restricted financial system in the period 1940-1974 and its intense process of deregulation from 1974 onwards. The case study is based on in-depth interviews with financial policy makers and financiers as well as a thorough examination of primary and secondary sources.

I argue that political factors best explain the existence of restricted financial systems. Politicians, with the consent of banks and well-connected firms, attempt to establish financial restriction to pursue political goals. A restricted system helps politicians to retain power, by creating a means of delivering patronage, and to raise revenue, by enabling them to tax the banking sector indirectly. I contend that public officials initiate the movement for deregulation in restricted financial systems. Changes in the political environment or institutions may provide politicians with an incentive to pursue the greater financial efficiency deregulation produces. In Spain, a transition from an authoritarian to a democratic regime was the key factor driving change in financial policy. A transition to democracy gave politicians an incentive to place less emphasis on providing particularistic benefits through the financial system and more on promoting financial efficiency, and led them to adopt more effective means of raising revenue. The Spanish experience with deregulation differs from that of states with non-restricted financial systems. In these systems, regulated financial entities promote deregulation in an effort to cope with unregulated competitors. In Spain, the financial status quo did not challenge the regulatory regime because these market pressures were absent.

July 1992|Federal Reserve Bank of New York Quarterly Review|Patricia Mosser

Changes in Monetary Policy Effectiveness: Evidence from Large Macroeconometric Models

November 1991|Westview Press|Steven Cohen, Sheldon Kamieniecki
Presents a workable approach for implementing hazardous materials regulation. Focusing on the development of comprehensive tactical plans, the authors, both veteran researchers of the EPA's regulatory procedures, offer a blueprint for future environmental management programmes.

July 1991|The Quarterly Journal of Economics|Patricia Mosser

Trade Inventories and (S,s)

November 1990|Alianza Editorial Mexicana |John Coatsworth

Los origenes del atraso: Nueve ensayos de historia economica de Mexico, siglos xviii y xix (Origins of Backwardness: Nine Essays on Mexican Economic History, 18th and 19th Centuries)

October 1990|Journal of the American Statistical Association |Richard Robb, James Heckman, J. R. Walker

This article presents nonparametric methods for testing the hypothesis that duration data can be represented by a mixture of exponential distributions. Both Bayesian and classical tests are developed. A variety of apparently distinct models can be written in mixture of exponentials form. This raises a fundamental identification problem. A consistent estimator for the number of points of support of a discrete mixture is developed. A consistent method-of-moments estimator for the mixing distribution is derived from the testing criteria and is evaluated in a Monte Carlo study.

November 1989|Columbia University Press|Robert Jervis

This study focuses on the ways states can affect the images other countries have of them and thereby exercise influence withouth the cost of altering their own policies.

November 1989|Cornell University Press|Robert Jervis

Robert Jervis argues here that the possibility of nuclear war has created a revolution in military strategy and international relations. He examines how the potential for nuclear Armageddon has changed the meaning of war, the psychology of statesmanship, and the formulation of military policy by the superpowers.

December 1988|Russell Sage Foundation|Ester R. Fuchs

City-State Relations in the Criminal Justice System

November 1988|Bilateral Commission on the Future of Mexican-United States Relations|John Coatsworth, Carlos Rico

Images of Mexico in the United States

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