Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs comprises more than 70 full-time faculty and more than 200 adjunct faculty, scholars, and practitioners. All have distinguished themselves in research and leadership in the policy world, and have produced scholarship in a wide variety of subjects, including international relations, democratization, elections, demography, and social policy.

October 1997|American Enterprise Institute|Arvind Panagariya, Jagdish N. Bhagwati

Although the public equates free trade areas with free trade, these areas operate under preferential trading arrangements–with free trade for members only and implicit protection against non-members. This volume probes the claims of proponents of free trade areas and analyzes the two principal initiatives associated with recent U.S. trade policy: NAFTA and APEC.

May 1997|Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business|Merit Janow

Assessing APEC's Role in Economic Integration in the Asia Pacific Region

February 1997|Journal of Environmental Economics and Management|Rajiv Sethi, Nancy Brooks

The Distribution of Pollution: Community Characteristics and Exposure to Air Toxics

January 1997|B-C Center for Urban Policy/Hispanic Education and Legal Fund Opinion Research Project|Ester R. Fuchs, Robert Shapiro, Lorraine Minnite

Political Participation and Political Representation in New York City with a Special Focus on Latino New Yorkers

December 1996|The Twentieth Century Fund Press|Ester R. Fuchs

Essays in Memory of Robert F. Wagner Jr.

December 1996|Ester R. Fuchs, William McAllister

The Continuum of Care: A Report on the New Federal Policy to Address Homelessness

December 1996|Cross-National Research Program Columbia University School of Social Work|Ester R. Fuchs, J. Phillip Thompson

Urban Community Initiatives and Shifting Federal Policy: The Case of the Empowerment Zones

October 1996|Princeton University Press|Mahmood Mamdani

In analyzing the obstacles to democratization in post- independence Africa, Mahmood Mamdani offers a bold, insightful account of colonialism's legacy--a bifurcated power that mediated racial domination through tribally organized local authorities, reproducing racial identity in citizens and ethnic identity in subjects. Many writers have understood colonial rule as either "direct" (French) or "indirect" (British), with a third variant--apartheid--as exceptional. This benign terminology, Mamdani shows, masks the fact that these were actually variants of a despotism. While direct rule denied rights to subjects on racial grounds, indirect rule incorporated them into a "customary" mode of rule, with state-appointed Native Authorities defining custom. By tapping authoritarian possibilities in culture, and by giving culture an authoritarian bent, indirect rule (decentralized despotism) set the pace for Africa; the French followed suit by changing from direct to indirect administration, while apartheid emerged relatively later. Apartheid, Mamdani shows, was actually the generic form of the colonial state in Africa.

Through case studies of rural (Uganda) and urban (South Africa) resistance movements, we learn how these institutional features fragment resistance and how states tend to play off reform in one sector against repression in the other. Reforming a power that institutionally enforces tension between town and country, and between ethnicities, is the key challenge for anyone interested in democratic reform in Africa.

October 1996|Princeton University Press|Mahmood Mamdani

This vivid autobiographical account of Idi Amin's 1972 expulsion of the Uganda Asians and their experiences in refugee camps in Britain is as pertinent today as when first published. With a new introduction by the author, Mahmood Mamdani explores the theme of political identity - the colonial politicization of racial identity and its reproduction after independence - that has been the subject of much of his subsequent work. In a gripping personal account of the last days of Asians in Uganda following their expulsion by Idi Amin in 1972, Mamdani interweaves an examination of Uganda's colonial history with the subsequent evolution of post-independence politics. The British colonial policy of divide and rule ensured that race coincided with class, effectively politicising the category of race. Following the Second World War, the nationalist movement forced concessions from the British in the form of affirmative action for African entrepreneurs. The nascent African merchant class prospered after independence even as its members negotiated a tension-filled relationship with Uganda's first and increasingly left-leaning president Milton Obote, and the populist military regime of Idi Amin Dada.

October 1996|John Hopkins University Press|Alfred Stepan, Juan J. Linz

Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan have increasingly focused on the questions of how, in the modern world, nondemocratic regimes can be eroded and democratic regimes crafted. In Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, they break new ground in numerous areas. They reconceptualize the major types of modern nondemocratic regimes and point out for each type the available paths to democratic transition and the tasks of democratic consolidation. They argue that, although "nation-state" and "democracy" often have conflicting logics, multiple and complementary political identities are feasible under a common roof of state-guaranteed rights. They also illustrate how, without an effective state, there can be neither effective citizenship nor successful privatization. Further, they provide criteria and evidence for politicians and scholars alike to distinguish between democratic consolidation and pseudo-democratization, and they present conceptually driven survey data for the fourteen countries studied.

Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation contains the first systematic comparative analysis of the process of democratic consolidation in southern Europe and the southern cone of South America, and it is the first book to ground post-Communist Europe within the literature of comparative politics and democratic theory.

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